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Does treatment for chronic pain have a sex and a gender ?

Associate members:

This video was selected as part of the scientific popularization competition “Highlight on the next generation 2021” organized by the QPRN. In this video, students from the Quebec Network of Junior Pain Investigators (QNJPI) present their research project.

Marimée Godbout-Parent

Chronic pain has serious impacts on the physical functioning, emotional well-being and quality of life of the people who suffer from it. In order to ensure effective treatment for patients, a balance between pharmacological, physical and psychological approaches appears to be recommended. Despite these recommendations, physical and psychological approaches are still underused. In order to ensure effective psychological and physical treatment of chronic pain, both biological and social predictors must be taken into account. This is why my masters project will attempt to analyze the associations between sex, gender and the use of physical and psychological approaches in the treatment of pain. Gender encompasses the biological attributes present in humans and animals, such as chromosomes and hormones, etc. For its part, gender rather encompasses the roles, behaviors and expressions that various identities adopt. Rather, gender is a social character influencing the perception that people have and the way they act in society. Thus, the inclusion of both biological and social variables in the analysis of chronic pain treatments will promote more rigorous, diverse, inclusive and equitable science in addition to broadening our understanding of the social determinants of chronic pain.